How to Get Rid of Bruises

Bruises are a common occurrence that can result from a sudden impact or injury. They appear as discolored skin areas caused by blood pooling beneath the surface. 

While they typically heal on their own, there are times when you may want to expedite the healing process.

In this article, we will explore effective remedies to help reduce the appearance of bruises and speed up their healing. With these tips in mind, you can effectively restore your skin’s natural appearance.

How Do Bruises Form?

Bruises occur when an injury causes blood vessels to break beneath your skin. These broken blood vessels release blood that becomes trapped, usually as a result of trauma to the capillaries. This collection of trapped blood forms a hematoma, which is responsible for the initial red or blue discoloration you see.

As your body begins the healing process, hemoglobin in the blood cells breaks down and changes color. This is why a bruise typically progresses through various colors like purple, black, green, and yellow before it fades away completely.

Understanding the Colors

Understanding the colors of bruises can provide valuable insight into the body’s healing process; The changing hues indicate whether it’s healing well or may be a cause for concern.

Red or Purple

Red or Purple bruises typically appear immediately after an injury as a result from broken blood vessels just beneath the skin’s surface.

The oxygen-rich hemoglobin in your blood is responsible for the red appearance. 

Blue or Dark Purple

Over time, the body begins to break down and reabsorb this blood, causing the bruise to transition into blue or dark purple.

The color change is primarily due to the breakdown of hemoglobin into biliverdin and bilirubin.

Green or Yellow

Green or yellow bruises are the next stage in the healing process, as your body continues to break down and eliminate these waste products.

This leads to the transformation of the bruise to a lighter color that is closer to your complexion.

Light Brown

Light brown marks the final stage of healing as the skin begins to return to its normal color.

This signifies that your body has successfully repaired the damaged blood vessels and tissue.

Health Conditions that Influence Bruising

Understanding how certain health conditions can impact the way your body bruises is crucial for managing your overall well-being. From blood disorders to nutritional deficiencies, various underlying factors can influence the frequency and severity of bruising.

By recognizing these, you’ll be better equipped to seek appropriate care and make informed decisions about your health.

Vitamin Deficiencies

Deficiencies in certain vitamins, particularly Vitamin C and K, can significantly influence your susceptibility to bruising. Vitamin C is crucial for the production of collagen, an essential protein that helps with wound healing.

Vitamin K, on the other hand, plays a vital role in blood clotting. Therefore, if you’re deficient in these vitamins, you might bruise more easily since your body struggles to heal wounds or clot your blood effectively.


Anemia is an underlying health condition that causes bruising easily due to a shortage of red blood cells or insufficient hemoglobin.

With fewer red blood cells to carry oxygen, your blood vessels become more fragile, making them prone to rupture from even minor traumas.

As a result, you may bruise more frequently, however these will have a paler appearance due to reduced hemoglobin.

Blood Clotting Disorders

Blood clotting disorders, such as hemophilia or von Willebrand disease, can significantly impact bruising. These conditions result from deficiencies in blood clotting factors, making it difficult for your body to stop bleeding when you sustain an injury.

As a consequence, even minor cuts or bruises can lead to prolonged and excessive bleeding, which may be dangerous and require medical attention.

Liver Disease

Your liver plays a fundamental role in producing proteins involved in blood clotting. Therefore, if you suffer from liver disease, your body might be lacking these essential proteins, leading to easier bruising as your blood doesn’t clot as efficiently as it should.

If you notice a sudden increase in bruising or if your bruises tend to last longer than they should, consult your healthcare provider about potential health conditions.


Certain types of cancer, particularly blood-related cancers like leukemia or bone marrow disorders, can affect bruising.

These conditions disrupt the normal production of blood cells and platelets, which are essential for blood clotting.

As a result, individuals with cancer may experience increased bruising, along with other bleeding-related symptoms.

Getting Rid of Bruises at Home

While bruises are a natural part of the body’s healing response to injuries, there are simple, cost-effective measures you can take within the comfort of your own home to minimize the bruising and accelerate recovery.

Cold Compress

A cold compress is a classic and effective home remedy for bruises. Applying a cold compress to the bruised area immediately after an injury is crucial.

It works by constricting blood vessels, reducing blood flow to the affected area, which in turn minimizes the extent of discoloration and swelling. The cold not only alleviates pain but also helps prevent the bruise from becoming more prominent.


Gentle massage can aid in accelerating the healing of bruises. By gently massaging the area surrounding the bruise, you stimulate blood circulation and the removal of trapped blood beneath the skin.

This promotes faster recovery and helps to disperse the pooled blood, reducing the appearance of the bruise. Remember to exercise caution when massaging the area so as not to cause further damage.

Applying Pressure

Compression with an elastic bandage is another effective home remedy for bruises. Wrapping the bruised area provides support and helps reduce swelling.

This limits the spread of the bruise and provides stability to the injured site. Make sure not to wrap it too tightly to avoid cutting off circulation.

Elevating the Affected Area

This is another well-known remedy for minimizing swelling.

By keeping the bruised area elevated above heart-level, you encourage the flow of excess fluids away from the bruised site, reducing swelling and discomfort.

Rest and Sleep

Rest is a fundamental (and often overlooked) home remedy for bruises. Resting enables your body to channel its energy into the healing process without additional strain or stress.

By avoiding unnecessary movement and impact on the bruised area, you facilitate a faster recovery.

Drinking More Fluids

Staying hydrated is a crucial factor when it comes to relieving the discomfort associated with bruises. Adequate hydration allows your body to heal faster by promoting effective blood circulation.

When your body is properly hydrated, it’s easier for nutrients and oxygen to reach the affected area, accelerating the healing process. So, it would be best to drink plenty of water or other hydrating fluids throughout the day.

Limiting Alcohol

Excessive alcohol consumption can slow down your body’s healing process, prolonging the appearance and discomfort of the bruised area.

Alcohol thins your blood, making it easier for your blood vessels to leak into the surrounding soft tissues and exacerbate the bruised area. Therefore, you should consider limiting your alcohol intake to promote a speedy recovery and prevent the bruise from worsening.

Bromelain Supplements

Bromelain is a type of enzyme found in pineapple that has anti-inflammatory and pain-relieving properties. When you take Bromelain supplements, they help to reduce swelling and the discoloration associated with bruises.

Bromelain works by breaking down proteins that can trap fluids in the tissues after an injury. Therefore, these supplements could be helpful in expediting your recovery.


Arnica is a potent home remedy highly recognized for its effectiveness in healing bruises. This herb, scientifically known as Arnica Montana, is packed with anti-inflammatory properties, which can significantly reduce swelling and alleviate pain.

The commercial forms of Arnica are mainly creams and gels that can be applied directly to the bruise. Its healing properties help dissolve trapped blood and fluids under your skin’s surface, speeding up the recovery process.

Arnica is usually an over-the-counter remedy that you can purchase at pharmacies or health food stores.

Aloe Vera

Aloe vera is renowned for its soothing and anti-inflammatory properties, making it an excellent home remedy for bruised skin.

Applying aloe vera gel to the bruised area can help alleviate pain, reduce swelling, and promote skin recovery. It’s a natural and gentle option for managing the discomfort associated with bruising.

Vitamin C

Incorporating Vitamin C into your diet is a preventive and healing home remedy for bruises. Vitamin C, found in fruits like citrus, is essential for collagen production and strengthens the blood vessels. 

A more convenient form is the Vitamin C supplement commercially available in concentrated capsules, tablets, and effervescent forms. By maintaining healthy blood vessels, Vitamin C helps minimize the likelihood of bruising and assists in the body’s natural healing processes when bruises do occur.

Medical Treatment

When dealing with a bruise, it’s essential to consult your healthcare provider if the bruise is severe, excessively painful, or doesn’t improve after a few days. Medical professionals, including those in sports medicine, can guide you through proper treatment.

Addressing Lack of Vitamins

Certain vitamin deficiencies, notably Vitamin C and K, can impair your body’s ability to heal bruises. Vitamin C is needed for the synthesis of collagen, a protein that aids in wound healing.

On the other hand, Vitamin K plays a crucial role in blood clotting and a deficiency could lead to bruising rather easily. If you find yourself bruising too easily, it could be worth getting your vitamin levels checked.

Avoiding Blood Thinners

In managing bruises medically, it’s crucial to minimize your intake of blood-thinning medications. These drugs can cause your blood to take longer to clot, which may result in prolonged or more severe bruising.

If you’re prone to bruises and are currently on blood thinners, discuss this with your healthcare provider. They can adjust the dosage or suggest alternatives that won’t exacerbate your bruising.

Medications that Encourage Bleeding

Apart from blood thinners, there are other medications that could increase your tendency to bruise, like certain types of pain relievers and anti-inflammatory drugs.

If you notice that your bruises are taking longer to heal or are appearing more frequently after starting on a new medication, discuss this side effect with your healthcare provider. They may suggest alternative medications and adjust the dosage to minimize bleeding or bruising.

Always remember to use medications as prescribed to avoid further complications.

Topical Creams

In certain scenarios, healthcare professionals or dermatologists may advise using topical creams or ointments to manage stubborn or excessively discolored bruises. These creams often have active ingredients such as retinoids or hydroquinone that aid in fading the appearance of bruises.

Moreover, some topical creams might contain Bromelain, helping to reduce inflammation and accelerate the healing process.


In extreme cases where a bruise results from an underlying medical issue, a healthcare provider may recommend surgical or medical procedures to address the root cause.

For example, varicose vein surgery can be performed to manage recurrent bruising caused by venous insufficiency.

Frequently Asked Questions

How do bruises form?

Bruises form when an injury causes blood vessels, typically capillaries, to break beneath your skin. These broken vessels release blood that becomes trapped, resulting in the initial red or blue discoloration you see.

As your body heals, the hemoglobin in the blood cells breaks down, leading to the familiar color progression of bruises from red or purple to black, blue, green, and yellow before fading away completely.

What are the colors of bruises, and what do they indicate?

Red or purple bruises appear immediately after an injury due to oxygen-rich hemoglobin in the blood. Over time, these bruises transition to black or blue as hemoglobin breaks down.

Subsequently, they turn green or yellow as waste products are eliminated. Finally, a light brown color marks the last stage of healing, indicating that your body has repaired the damaged blood vessels and tissue.

What are some home remedies for bruises?

Rest is essential to allow your body to focus on healing without additional strain. Applying a cold compress immediately after an injury can minimize swelling and discoloration.

Natural remedies like Arnica, Aloe Vera, Bromelain Cream, and Vitamin C can be beneficial in alleviating bruising.

When should I seek medical attention for bruising?

If a bruise is severe, excessively painful, or doesn’t improve after a few days, it’s essential to consult a healthcare provider. Medical professionals can guide you through appropriate treatment.

Surgery or medical procedures may be necessary for underlying medical issues.

Which health conditions can affect bruising?

Anemia, caused by a shortage of red blood cells or insufficient hemoglobin, can lead to more frequent and larger bruises. Blood clotting disorders, such as hemophilia, can result in prolonged and excessive bleeding from minor injuries as well.

Certain cancers, especially blood-related ones like leukemia or bone marrow disorders, disrupt normal blood cell and platelet production, leading to increased bruising and other bleeding-related symptoms.