How to Get Rid of A Boil

Dealing with a painful boil can be an uncomfortable and bothersome experience. Boils, often caused by bacterial infections of hair follicles, can become swollen, tender, and filled with pus.

Fortunately, learning how to extract the core of a boil effectively is a crucial skill that can accelerate the healing process and provide relief from the discomfort.

In this article, we’ll explore what causes boils to develop, as well as practical tips on how to safely and hygienically remove the core of a boil, offering insights into this essential aspect of self-care and promoting overall well-being.

What Are Boils?

A boil is a painful, pus-filled bump on your skin caused by a bacterial infection. Boils usually develop when a hair follicle and the surrounding tissue become infected, mainly by the bacteria Staphylococcus aureus.

Hair follicles consist of hair, a sebaceous (oil) gland, and the root of the hair. When bacteria enter the hair follicle, it leads to inflammation, and eventually, a boil forms.

Causes of Boils

Boils can be a source of discomfort and irritation, but knowledge about their causes empowers you to take proactive measures. In this section, we’ll delve into the various factors that contribute to the development of boils.

Poor Hygiene

Poor hygiene can easily lead to skin issues like boils. If you don’t wash regularly or thoroughly, oil, dirt, bacteria, and dead skin cells can accumulate on your skin.

These contaminants can then clog your pores, creating an environment where bacteria flourish, leading to infections that can form painful boils. Hence, maintaining personal cleanliness is crucial to keeping your skin healthy and preventing issues like boils.

Direct Contact

Direct contact with a person who has boils or sharing personal items like towels or razors can become a reason for boils.

When you come in contact with an infected site or person, the bacteria causing boils, Staphylococcus aureus, can be transferred onto your skin. 

If this bacterium finds its way into your skin through a cut, scrape, or pore, it may cause infection and subsequently lead to the development of boils.

Ingrown Hair

Ingrown hairs can also cause boils. An ingrown hair occurs when shaved or tweezed hair grows back into the skin, causing inflammation and red bumps.

Continued growth of this hair under your skin can block pores and lead to bacterial infection, which can result in boil formation. Therefore, careful shaving and proper treatment of ingrown hair are crucial for preventing such skin conditions.

Friction or Irritation

Areas of the body subject to friction, like the inner thighs or underarms, are more prone to boil development.

The constant rubbing of the skin can cause irritation and create micro-tears in the skin, making it easier for bacteria to enter and infect hair follicles. Reducing friction and practicing good hygiene in these areas can help prevent boils.

Small Cuts

Small cuts, nicks, or abrasions on the skin can serve as entry points for bacteria that induce infection.

When these bacteria enter through these openings, they can infect hair follicles or sweat glands, leading to the development of a boil in the affected area. It’s essential to keep even minor wounds clean and properly covered to reduce the risk of infection.

Infected Sweat Glands

Infected sweat glands, often referred to as hidradenitis suppurativa, can lead to the formation of boils.

When sweat glands become clogged or inflamed, they can create a suitable environment for bacteria to thrive, resulting in painful, pus-filled lumps. Understanding the connection between sweat gland infections and boils is crucial for those who experience this condition.

Bacterial Infection

Boils often arise due to bacterial infections. When these bacteria enter your body through breaks in the skin, such as small cuts or hair follicles, they can multiply and trigger an inflammatory response.

Your immune system responds by sending white blood cells to the infected area, leading to the painful, swollen lump characteristic of a boil.

Weak Immune System

If your immune system is compromised, whether due to underlying medical conditions, certain medications, or other factors, it becomes less effective at fighting off infections.

A weakened immune system can make you more susceptible to bacterial infections like those responsible for causing boils, as your body may struggle to control the bacterial growth and inflammation.


While stress alone may not directly cause boils, it can weaken your immune system and make you more susceptible to infections, including those that lead to boils.

Elevated stress levels can also contribute to poor wound healing and increased friction in certain areas of the body, further exacerbating the risk of developing boils.

Identifying Boil Symptoms

Recognizing the symptoms of a boil is crucial for timely intervention and proper care. Armed with this knowledge, you can effectively differentiate boils from other skin issues and seek appropriate treatment, ensuring a quicker path to relief and recovery.

Redness and Swelling

Redness and swelling are classic signs of inflammation, and they often indicate that a boil is developing or has already formed. 

This activity increases blood flow, causing the area to become red and swollen. The swelling is a result of the accumulated pus in the boil.

Pain and Tenderness

Pain and tenderness are often one of the first signs that you have a boil. Initially, you might notice a hard, red, painful lump that’s warm to the touch.

Over time, as the boil grows and becomes filled with pus, it might become increasingly tender and painful. The buildup of pressure and inflammation in the affected area can cause significant discomfort, signaling that you have a boil.

Pus-Filled Bump

When your body detects an infection caused by bacteria, it naturally reacts by sending white blood cells to the infected area in a bid to fight and restrict the harmful agents.

The conflict between your body’s defense system and the bacteria results in the formation of pus, which is a thick yellow or greenish substance made up of dead white blood cells, bacteria, and tissue debris.

This bump is usually swollen, hard, painful, and warm to the touch. 

Skin Discharge

It may eventually develop a soft center that can burst open, releasing the pus drain naturally. However, it’s recommended not to squeeze or burst a boil yourself as it may spread the infection further.

If necessary, a healthcare professional can safely drain the boil through a clinical procedure, in which they’ll clean and bandage the area to prevent secondary infection.

Enlarged Lymph Nodes

Enlargement of nearby lymph nodes can be a symptom of a boil. When your body is fighting an infection, such as a boil, it releases white blood cells to help battle the bacteria causing the infection.

These cells are carried to the infection site through your lymphatic system, which can cause the lymph nodes near the boil (like in the armpit or neck) to swell. So, if you notice swollen lymph nodes alongside a painful skin bump, it could be a sign of a boil.

Fever and Tiredness

In some cases, especially when the bacterial infection is severe, or the boil is located in a more sensitive area, you may experience systemic symptoms like fever and fatigue. These are signs that your body is fighting off the infection.

A fever indicates an elevated body temperature as your immune system works to combat the bacteria, and fatigue is often a result of the increased energy expenditure in the process.

Getting Rid of the Boil

Boils can be treated with effective home remedies to help get the core out.

Keeping the Area Clean

Ensuring the cleanliness of the boil and its surrounding area can significantly prevent further infection. Gentle washing with soap and water regularly is advisable.

Once clean, pat the area dry with a fresh towel to avoid further irritation. Using a sterile bandage to cover the boil can keep the area clean and protect it from any foreign substance that may lead to further infection.

Avoid Squeezing

Although it might be tempting, squeezing a boil can cause the infection to spread and might even lead to scarring.

Gentle home treatments should be your go-to for promoting natural drainage and healing of the boil. Instead of forcefully opening the boil, focus on methods to encourage it to drain naturally.

Applying Warm Compress

A warm compress can aid in softening the boil and promoting better blood circulation to the affected area, which can expedite the healing process.

Applying a warm compress for 10-15 minutes at a time, twice a day, can also help in the natural drainage of the boil.

Dabbing with Tea Tree Oil

Known for its potent antibacterial properties, tea tree oil can aid in easing boils. Dilute a few drops with a hypo-allergenic oil, and then apply the mixture gently to the boil using a cotton swab.

This can help in reducing inflammation and promoting recovery.

Using Castor Oil

Another home remedy is castor oil, renowned for its anti-inflammatory properties. When applied to the boil, it helps to draw out the infection, promoting healing.

Apply a small amount on the boil using a clean cotton swab and cover it with a bandage for best results.

Trying Onion and Garlic

Both onion and garlic have impressive antimicrobial properties that can help heal boils. You can make a paste from crushed garlic cloves or apply a slice of raw onion.

Secure with a bandage and keep it on for a few hours before cleansing and replacing.

Making Use of Traditional Methods

Ginger applied topically as a paste can also provide relief due to its anti-inflammatory properties, while the juices from tridax daisy (Tridax procumbens) and devil’s horsewhip (Achyranthes aspera) plants have been used in traditional remedies for boil treatment.

When to Seek Medical Help

While many boils can be managed at home, some situations demand professional attention. Here are some of the red flags and scenarios that indicate the need for medical assistance.

Enormous Size and Unbearable Pain

The development of an unusually large and exceptionally painful boil, exceeding the size of a golf ball, is an immediate concern. Pain and size are important indicators of the severity of the infection.

These symptoms warrant prompt medical attention to accurately diagnose the underlying cause of the boil and initiate appropriate treatment.

Boils Near the Spine or Joints

The development of boils near your spine or joints is a cause for concern. Such locations pose a significant risk of severe conditions like septic arthritis, a serious bacterial infection that contaminates the synovial fluid that facilitates smooth joint movement.

Infections that affect the spine and central nervous system will have serious to life-threatening complications.

Boils in Sensitive Areas

The occurrence of boils in vital areas such as your face, neck, groin, or close to the eyes raises risk factors due to their close proximity to necessary body structures. This positioning elevates the possibility of high-risk infections that can lead to serious complications.

It’s crucial to promptly seek medical help to mitigate risks such as cellulitis or the spread of infection to surrounding tissues.

Fever and Chills

The presence of systemic symptoms such as a fever, chills, or fatigue accompanying a boil requires immediate medical consultation.

These symptoms may indicate an infection that has spread beyond the initial boil and is affecting the broader body system.

Repeat Infections

Frequent instances of recurrent boils could be a telltale sign of underlying health issues.

This recurrence could indicate problems like a weakened immune system or other hidden medical conditions requiring attention.

Medical Treatment for Boils

If you seek medical advice for boils, the healthcare professional will examine the boil, possibly drain it if necessary, prescribe antibiotics, and provide advice to prevent future infections. 

They may also investigate any potential underlying conditions causing recurrent boils. In severe cases, you may need medical procedures to address boils, such as:

Incision and Drainage

If a boil is large or not responding to treatment, your doctor may perform an incision and drainage procedure. Essentially, this involves making a small cut in the boil to allow the pus to drain out.

This removal of pus can help relieve pain and speed recovery. The technique is typically done under a local anesthetic to minimize discomfort.


Depending on the severity and recurrence of boils, antibiotics might be prescribed. These medicines help to kill the bacteria causing the infection and prevent further complications.

Make sure to follow the complete course of prescribed antibiotics, even if your symptoms improve, to ensure all bacteria are eliminated and to minimize the risk of recurrence.

Frequently Asked Questions

What causes boils to develop?

Boils typically develop due to bacterial infections of hair follicles, mainly caused by the bacterium Staphylococcus aureus.

When these bacteria enter the hair follicle, inflammation occurs, resulting in the formation of a boil.

How can you treat a boil at home and remove the core safely?

Boils can be treated with home remedies. You can start by keeping the area clean, applying warm compresses, and avoiding squeezing the boil, which can worsen the infection.

Tea tree oil, castor oil, onion, garlic, ginger paste, or natural plant juices can also help in promoting natural drainage and healing. However, if the boil worsens or does not improve, it’s essential to consult a healthcare professional.

When should I seek medical assistance for a boil?

You should seek medical help if the boil is exceptionally large, becomes extremely painful, or exceeds the size of a golf ball.

Additionally, boils in sensitive areas like the face, neck, or near the eyes, recurrent boils, the presence of a fever, and boils near the spine or joints require prompt medical attention.

Diabetic individuals should also be cautious when dealing with boils due to increased risks.

Can stress lead to the development of boils?

While stress alone may not directly cause boils, it can weaken the immune system, making you more susceptible to infections, including those that lead to boils.

Elevated stress levels can also contribute to poor wound healing and increased friction, increasing the risk of boil development.

Why are boils near the spine or joints concerning?

Boils near the spine or joints are concerning due to their proximity to critical anatomical structures.

There is a heightened risk of spreading the infection to vital structures, such as the spinal cord or the joint space, which can lead to severe complications like septic arthritis, osteomyelitis, and potential neurological implications.